Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Europe had experienced a general cooling of the climate between years 1150 and 1460 and a very cold climate between 1560 and 1850. This event came to be known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Little Ice Age.Ã¢â¬ This cold weather had impact on agriculture, health, economics, emigration, and art and literature . The term Ã¢â¬Å"Little Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ was named by Francois Matthes in 1939 to describe the most destructive climate drop in Europe. This ice age was consisted of mountain glaciers which brought temperatures as low as 2 degrees Fahrenheit. Numerous people got sick and some were even killed and starved to death because of a famine. Farms and villages were lost due to the cold weather. It is unknown on what caused this Ã¢â¬Å"Little Ice Age.Ã¢â¬ We do know that this event impactedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This ice age not only affected humans, but also the wildlife and everything around it. The plants enzymes are failing them and their roots are struggling to find a way through the fr ozen soil. These plants canÃ¢â¬â¢t grow and maintain themselves in these conditions. Pollination is nearly impossible during this time. The plants arenÃ¢â¬â¢t able to give off much oxygen into the atmosphere, which we breathe in. The true impact of Ã¢â¬Å"The Little Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ began around 1600 and lasted until the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. During that time in Europe is when it was at its height. It was considered to be the most significant climate event of the last millennium. Only until recently have climatologist discovered research of climate conditions in historical times. As stated before, no one is quite sure how Ã¢â¬Å"The Little Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ evolved. Climatologist and historians have had many discussions on what they think was the main cause of the ice age. Today they are able to determine the yearly average temperatures, rainfalls, volcanic activity, and the effect of the sun during that period . What we know is that the sun experienced a Ã¢â¬Å"quietÃ¢â¬ period, meaning its intensity was not that strong. Therefore, a cooling occurred. Sunspots which determine the suns strength were noted to be in decline. Volcanic activity is to be another known source of the cause. As the volcanoes erupted they shot out particles and gases into the air. With these gases floating in theShow MoreRelatedThe Little Ice Age and Climate Change Today Essay1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Little Ice Age and Climate Change Today Roland Ward ES117-2A-77: Natural Disasters 8 December 2012 Keith Earnshaw Abstract The little ice age gave us a glimpse as to how climate change can affect our society. This is especially important today as we stand on the brink of another environmental catastrophe. The acceleration of greenhouse gas output has irrevocably changed how mankind affects the environment. The lessons that we can learn from studying the little ice age may lead us toRead MoreThe Little Ice Age604 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesThe statement regarding the Little Ice Age (LIA) and its relation to modern warming is incorrect at multiple points and contains poor logical reasoning in arriving at its conclusions. The assertion that the LIA resulted in cooling at all locations over the earth is incorrect. While scholarship indicates that average temperature may have cooled on a global or hemispheric level during the LIA, this averaging masks regional variances [Matthews and Briffa, 2005] LIA cooling was not uniform temporallyRead MoreThe Little Ice Age : A Period Of Cooling3721 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesThe Little Ice Age According to (Wikipedia 2015) The Little Ice Age was a period of cooling that occurred from about 1350 Ad to 1850 AD. When the little ice age actually started it debated by many climatologist and historians claiming it starting from anywhere between the 13th and 16th century and ending between the 18th and 19th century. However NASA has defined The Little Ice Age as a cold period between AD 1550 and AD 1850, in which there was 3 particularly cold periods in this time. The timingRead MoreClimate Change Negative Effects935 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfahrenheit. This shows that climate change is devastating because increasing temperatures can cause damage to environment. Also glaciers are melting consistently because of climate change and less snow. According to Ã¢â¬Å"National Snow and Ice Data CenterÃ¢â¬ The amount of land sea ice that is covered in snow has decreased between 1966 and 2010, over many Northern Hemisphere Regions. From this you can see that climate change is affecting th e world by temperature increases and glaciers melting. All in all climateRead MoreThe Threat of Global Warming May Lead to Global Cooling Essay1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschanging climate, (Pringle 33) many people are becoming worried about rising sea levels from this warming (Pringle 25-26). This warming however, may have a larger side affect that many scientists have not been worried about. This side affect is a little ice age which has occurred several times throughout earthÃ¢â¬â¢s history. Picture this, some years from now winters will be exceptionally harsh in the Northern Hemisphere. Crops that were grown in the northern United States, southern Canada, and the northernRead MoreIs a Mini Ice Age Imminent?1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesabound with the announcements of a Ã¢â¬Å"Mini Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ in our mist. We are constantly inundated with Hollywood movies depicting global destruction with an onslaught of rapid global climate changes. Is all this news media accurate and depicti ng true and accurate events covering our planet and solar activity? As a reader begins to look deep into the rhetoric, they will notice that there is very little Ã¢â¬â if any Ã¢â¬â scientific data to support the coming of a Ã¢â¬Å"Mini Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ (Mann) as indicated by the multipleRead MoreGlobal Warming: Not Our Fault850 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesearth went through a cooling period known as a Ã¢â¬Å"Little Ice AgeÃ¢â¬ (Robinson, Robinson, Soon, 2008). We are currently recovering from that cooling period. During the Little Ice Age temperatures dropped well below average. However, a study of more recent history temperatures can also show that the climates are cyclic and not the result of human activities. During the 1970s, an unexpected cool period was experienced. This led some to fear that an ice age was imminent. This cool period happened inRead MoreE Ice Age : A Of A Ge Intermediate1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshttps://www.skepticalscience.com/heading-into-new-littl e-ice-a ge-intermediate.htm Last viewed:2/10/15 A few centuries ago there was a Mini ice age dubbed little ice age. Some believed major contributors-large volcanic eruption and Ã¢â¬Ëlower solar outputÃ¢â¬â¢(less solar activity). Solar activity has been rapidly decreasing (2009 lowest in a century). More CO2, less insulation needed to drop. 2009 is the lowest solar activity level in over 100 years. It would take 2.6 million years for the world to enterRead MoreThe Main Causes of Global Warming890 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessynthetic chemicals. Our Earth has had at least five ice ages. The very first ice age we have had occurred nearly 2 billion years ago. Also, our most recent ice age started happening close to 3 million years ago. The most recent ice age is still happening today so technically we live in an ice age. An ice age is a long period of time when the planet is semi-cold and the earth is covered in giant sheets of ice in some areas. During an ice age we experience short flashes of very warm weather. SometimesRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On Earth1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfive major ice ages from the longest and first scientists believe occurred was two point four to two point one billion years ago during the early Proterozoic Eon there was an ice age formed and it was the Huronian. The second ice age was the cryogenian and it has been known that it produced a snowball earth in which permanent sea ice extended to or very near the earths equator; this period occurred from eight hundred and fifty to six hundred and thirty million years ago. The third ice age that occurred
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The play Fences by August Wilson, explains and explores the lives of the Maxson family, an African American family in 1957. Like in most plays each of the main characters has a strong desire that they want to achieve throughout the course of the story. Rose Maxson, the matriarch of the family, wants to be with people and connected to them. She does not want to be alone. This is seen through her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s history, her feelings on marriage, and the family she has made for herself. Rose wants to create the opposite of the family she had growing up. After Troy tells her that he has gotten another woman pregnant she berates him for not only cheating, but also creating a family of halves. Rose is against this, Ã¢â¬Å"And you know I ain t never wanted no half nothing in my family. Everybody got different fathers and mothersÃ¢â¬ ¦Can t hardly tell who s who. Can t never sit down and talk about Papa and MamaÃ¢â¬ (pg 75). Rose felt alone in her family of halves and disconnected from her siblings because they all had different parents. She missed out on the strong sibling relationships that form because there were too many different adult figures in her life and her sibling probably did not all live in the same place. There is also no mention that she keeps in contact with any of her family members now, so the family that she makes now is all that she has to keep her company. When she married Troy, he already brought in one child, Lyons, in the relation ship, but they had Cory so itShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Play Fences By August Wilson1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbetween family members. Author of the play, Ã¢â¬Å"FencesÃ¢â¬ , August Wilson, can personally relate to the experiences of his characterÃ¢â¬â¢s as he has experienced his share of dysfunctional relationships often as a result of race inspired bullying and prejudice making this specific work deeply personal to his own experiences in more ways than one. The primary overarching idea, as well as meaning of the work as a whole that can be seen throughout the play, Ã¢â¬Å"FencesÃ¢â¬ , by August Wilson, is that familial conflict due toRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Fences By August Wilson1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Play Ã¢â¬Å"FencesÃ¢â¬ written by August Wilson is a very interesting play to read and understand. This play also introduces many different themes as well as literary devices that helps the readers to have a better understanding of what will happen later on in the play. The Characters are Troy, Bono and the boss Mr. Rand. This play has conflicts that are occurring in the play between these two characters. In this play the characters Troy and Bono are best friends and they hang out by drinking and talkingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Fences By August Wilson Essay1978 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe play Ã¢â¬Å"FencesÃ¢â¬ by August Wilson shows the struggle of an African American family set in 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s in Pittsburgh. The man of the house Troy has had a troubled life and even spent 15 years in prison. Even though Troy moans and groans about not making the MLB because of his race he is against his own son receiving a football scholarship and tells his sonÃ¢â¬â¢s coach heÃ¢â¬â¢s not allowed to play even though a scout was planning on watching him. Even after pronouncing his love for his wife earlier in the playRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Fences August Wilson 964 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Fences, August Wilson tells a story that includes baseball as a major part of the play. Even though baseball is a huge part of the play, the game itself is not actually played. Troy, who is the main character of the play, is the main source of all the conflicts that occur in the story. Whenever a conflict occurs in the story, Troy uses baseball analogies to explain his reasoning. Baseball also plays a historical part of the play to create the setting and the characters. In the play, baseball echoesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Fences By August Wilson853 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimpossible for people of color to do what they wanted to do. In the play Fences by August Wilson he brings in Troy Marxson, who is the main character of the play dealing with racial discrimination. Troy Marxson is a man with strange views of the world and who has a life that can be described as frustrating. TroyÃ¢â¬â¢s frustration is caused by his dream of becoming a major league baseball player being ruined by racist tyranny. The era in which Fences took place was during a time where fights to end segregationRead MoreCharacter Analysis of Cory in The Play Fences by August Wilson1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbecause of a fear that was rooted in him nearly eight-teen years earlier. When Troy was released from prison he dreamed of playing Major League Baseball but at that time it was an impossibility because of racial dis he other primary relationship of Fences is that of Troy to his son Cory (Courtney B. Vance) - a promising 17-year-old football player being courted by a college recruiter. Troy himself was once a baseball player in the Negro Leagues - early enough to hit homers off Satchel Paige, tooRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Fences By August Wilson And Zoot Suit By Luis Valdez2015 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages For my final project, I have chosen the plays Fences by August Wilson and Zoot Suit by Luis Valdez to compare and contrast, when it comes to their themes of multiculturalism, interculturalism, and transculturalism. Multiculturalism is the process of immigration and globalization of societies in the world. The world is made up of a mix of many nationalities, cultures, groups, orientations, or ideologies. Multiculturalism involves the acknowledgment of the different groups of ethnic people, culturesRead MoreThe Interpretation Of August Wilsons Fences By Denzel Wilson724 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAugust WilsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ play Ã¢â¬Å"FencesÃ¢â¬ gave the American stage one of the most renowned characters. As Wilson originally writes in the play, Troy Maxson, who is an uneducated sanitation worker and a former Negro League Baseball player is depicted as a multi-faceted tragic figure from the mid-1950s Pittsburgh of WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood. This being the case, in the adaptation of this play, Denzel Washington understands the kind of Ã¢â¬ËlargenessÃ¢â¬â¢ portrayed in WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s play and is hence portrayed a shadow that Troy castsRead MoreSymbolism In Fences By August Wilson1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKeep Love in or Lock it Out?: An Analysis of Symbolism in Fences Symbolism is defined as an artistic and poetic movement or style using symbolic images and indirect suggestion to express mystical ideas, emotions, and states of mind. In Fences by August Wilson, symbolism is used heavily throughout the play in order to represent deeper meanings and add to the emotion of the storyline. In order for the play to have so much depth and emotion, symbolism is crucial to the work itself and the heavy topicsRead MoreNotes On The Novel Fences And Pied Piper Of Tucson 1080 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand holdÃ¢â¬â¢ readers with specific choices. Next, students read the play Fences by Pulitzer Prize winner August Wilson and analyze the role of stories within in the story to create tension and advance the plot. Fences is the foundation for the unitÃ¢â¬â¢s cornerstone task: after ranking and discussing important lines in the play, student perform them, and reflect on the impact of the important lines exercise on comprehension of the play. Finally, students write a synthesis essay to merge writings throughout
Question: Discuss about theSeismic Force Modification Factor. Answer: Literature Review: From the research (Samantha, 2010)it can be found that the design of a structure can be made cost efficient and at the same time the safety performance of the structure can also be maintained. The elastic behaviour of a structure is expected. It causes a reduction in the design and this seismic force gets influenced by the application of a factor which is known as Seismic force modification factor. It is denoted as R. it helps to simply the designing process of the structure. With the application of R, only linear elastic static analysis is required in a structure. The behaviour of the reinforced steel is capable of controlling the responses of the structural elements of a reinforced concrete that are subjected to the earth quake loading. Therefore, it is very much important to develop an analytical model so that this problem can be avoided. The model must be capable of predicting the primary characteristics of steel. It must be measured within the specified range. The past records or the history of loads must be analysed in order to predict the characteristics and the impacts. If design base shear is denoted by Vt and design seismic force is denoted by Vs, then Seismic force modification factor ( R ) can be obtained with the help of the following equation: Vs = Vt / R Or, R = Vt / Vs According to the research (Adeel, 2009), R factors are known to be very important seismic design tools that can be used in order determine the degree of inelasticity that can be expected in a structure at the time of an earth quake. R factor has the capability to reflect the structure for dissipating energy using the inelastic characteristic of the structure. From the research it has also been known that it is also used for reducing the design forces of a structure. The seismic codes depend on the ductility and reserve strength and suitable seismic code helps to improve the ability of a structure to dissipate and absorb energy (Denis et al., 2003). Seismic force modification factor is also known as response reduction modification factor and according to the research, the value of R can be obtained with the help of the ductility reduction factor and the over strength factor (Adeel, 2009). The over strength factor is denoted as ? whereas the ductility reduction factor is known as R. The R factor can be obtained with the help of the following equation: R = R x ? The values of the seismic force that are used in the design of a structure are generally computed with the help of the diving forces which are associated with the elastic response of the R factor. The R factor is required in order to develop the lateral strength of a structure and also to sustain inelastic deformations i.e. the ductile behaviour of the structure (Adeel, 2009). Therefore the value of the R factor is very important in order to determine the design specifications of the design of the seismic loading. The response modification factor can be obtained with the help of the following expression also (Adeel, 2009): V = 2.5 x ( pga ) x ( W / R ) Or , R = ( 2.5 x ( pga ) x W ) / V Here, V denotes the design base shear. The weight of the structure is denoted by W whereas pga represents the peak ground acceleration. According to the research (Ferraioli et al., 2012) force reduction factor ( q factor ) is the another name of the response modification factor ( R factor ). There are different expressions that can be used in order to calculate R factor. From the research (Ferraioli et al., 2012), it has been found that the R factor can be calculated with the help of the following equation also: R = RS x R x R Here, Rs denotes the strength reduction factor, R represents the ductility reduction factor and R denotes the damping reduction factor (Ferraioli et al., 2012). From the research it has been known that the over strength reduction factor that is recommended by EC8 for a multi story structure is conservative. From the research paper (Ferraioli et al., 2012) it can be found that the beam column joint is very important zone in case of a frame that is capable of resisting reinforced concrete moment. From the research (Adeel, 2009) it has also been found that a structure is influenced from different types of ground shaking. The nature of the shear failure is brittle. The capability of the structural system for resisting the actions allows the design to prevent the seismic forces and also to helps to provide a elastic response. The reduction can be done with the help of the q factor. References Adeel, Z. (2009). Response Modification Factor Of Reinforced Concrete Moment Resisting Frames In Developing Countries. Denis, M., Robert, T., Erol, K., Patrick, P., Murat, S. and Donald, L. (2003). Seismic force modification factors for the proposed 2005 edition of the National Building Code of Canada. pp.308-327. Ferraioli, M., Lavino, A. and Mandara, A. (2012). Behaviour Factor for seismic design of moment-resisting steel frames. Jorge, V., Jennifer, T. and Richard, K. (2004). Development Of Response Modification Coefficient And Deflection Amplification Factor For Design Of Aac Structural Systems. Samantha, K. (2010). A Study Of The Seismic Response Modification Factor For Log Shear Walls.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Introduction The House of Ajmal is a family heritage and a sensational force in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The business entails a perfumery, which is based in Dubai and it has been inexistence for close to six decades.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Strategic Management in the House of Ajmal specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It has its origin in India and it is rumored to have come into existence when the very first Arabians visited India and developed a liking to the oriental scents that typify the Asian continent. However, contemporarily, the accuracy of this rumor is insignificant in the face of all the business that the House of Ajmal is closing at the end of the day. The business features amongst the leading perfumeries in the United Arab Emirates, alongside household names such as the Arabian Oud, Zahras Perfumes, Swiss Arabian perfumes, and the Royal Diwan Group. Its formidability as a competitor is evident to its rivals especially when there are international rewards such as the FIFA Perfume Awards that were sponsored by the Fragrance Foundation (founded in 2008), where Ajmal won a number of awards based on its fragrances and exemplary retailing techniques. On the global level, the competitors are numerous ranging from Coty to Elizabeth Arden to Dolce and Gabbana and Chanel. What is of concern is that even other non-perfume sectors such as the clothing lines and celebrity names are entering the race and they have the luxury of sailing past entrance resistors under the glamour of their names.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These factors and many more are justification enough for the house of Ajmal to reconsider its development strategy in light of ensuring continued relevance, sales, and profitability in the future. Superficially, it may not seem to be in jeop ardy of becoming irrelevant especially considering that presently the House of Ajmal runs a $200 million 150000 square foot factory in Dubai, which produces over 50000 bottles of perfumes consisting of an array of Arab and French fragrances daily. However, the new entrants pose a threat to its very existence especially considering that traditionally, most of its products have been targeting the affluent Middle Eastern clientele. External Environment It is interesting to note that the perfume industry is becoming as dynamic as the fashion industry, which is to say that it changes all the time. This versatility has to do with the fact that increasing percentages of consumers are in fact younger than twenty-five years, a fact that can be explained by the ever-evolving market trends that have now seen youthful entrepreneurs taking over the role of production in the society and not necessarily relying on being employed to earn an income. The industry players on the other hand seem to hav e some sort of retarded growth, and whereas some have seen the wisdom of adapting to suit this new clientele, others are still set in their ways, much to their loss and doom. For comparative purposes, it is evident that in the fashion industry, designs keep changing and the only way to stay relevant is by producing chic and trend outfits that are affordable and desirable to the targeted consumers. The same principle applies in perfumery industry.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Strategic Management in the House of Ajmal specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The House of Ajmal has its backbone in the affluent Middle Eastern clientele, but even this phenomenon is rapidly shifting on a negative tangent. Today, only 10 per cent of the United Arab Emirates residents are actually nationals with the rest of the 90 per cent being expatriates. Therefore, it is safe to conclude that even if the House of Ajmal is making ma ny dollars selling to the Middle East, most of its clientele is comprised of expatriates of various nationalities, with conflicting interests in scents. A bonus to the House of Ajmal is that Arabian scents have always been a favorite amongst most consumers, specifically the ouds, ambers, and musks. Another advantage for Ajmal is the fact that their production is not only limited to perfumes, but they have their tentacles spread into air fresheners, body sprays, lotions, essential oils, and even soaps. However, with incumbent brands and designs based on other factors such as celebrity status and seasoned distribution lines such as BurberryÃ¢â¬â¢s Clothing line, the house of Ajmal needs a strategy that shall keep it afloat and abreast despite the raging competition. Key Success Factors Introduction With the perfume industry and particularly in the Middle East, there is the advantage of automatic popularity of perfumes among Arabs. This group of people likes to wear layers of perfume that leaves their scent behind even an hour after they leave a room. Additionally, they prefer ouds, masks, and amber perfumes, which are produced locally in the UAE. With this knowledge in mind, to stay relevant, all that a perfumery has to do is to produce a line in these tastes.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, with globalization, there has been emigration and now 90 per cent of the UAE population comprises expatriates. However, this element does not seem to remove from the consumption of perfumes in the Middle East and if anything, it simply adds to the appeal of the United Arab Emirates as a forum for launching new perfume products. The House of Ajmal vs. competition In view of its regional and immediate competition, the House of Ajmal is not faring so badly. As noted above, it boasts revenue of 200 million dollars. Additionally, it has over 100 different varieties of perfumes and an exquisite 70 brands to its name. These brands are distributed locally and internationally through its various retail outlets. In the United Arab Emirates, there are 35 outlets and in Malaysia, which is the newest reach out point for Ajmal (launched in 2010) there are already four new outlets. The other areas of interest under the House of AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s influence include India, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, and Qatar. In total, this House boasts a sum of 141 outlets. An immediately interesting competitor is the Arabian Oud, which is a perfumer that came into existence in 1982. Simple arithmetic indicates that the Arabian Oud is only three decades old and thus young enough to be a progeny of the House of Ajmal, but this perfumery already has 620 stores in fifty cities, across 30 countries. Whereas initially the Arabian Oud operated only in the Middle East as the House of Ajmal does now, in 2000, it created a flagship store in the United Kingdom, which was followed closely by launching another store in Paris in 2004. Rivaling the House of AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s 100 fragrances, the Arabian Oud has 400 individual fragrances. Slowly but surely, the Arabian Oud seems to be bent on taking over the perfume market in the Middle East and beyond. In 2012, it launched the largest perfume store in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and it has made it clear that it intends to carry on in the same t rend. Nevertheless, this development is not such a major cause of worry for the House of Ajmal for brand loyalty is still on its side. Despite the Arabian OudÃ¢â¬â¢s mogul like expansion, the House of Ajmal maintains its clientele among the affluent Middle Eastern population. Therefore, it is important to note that brand loyalty is the only factor that is keeping the House of Ajmal standing. Change is inevitable and it is encouraging that Ajmal has already realized this and is working towards appeasing the newer generation of clientele that demands trendy and contemporary scents. An illustration of this positive attitude towards change is in the design and layout of Ajmal stores. They have an open air feeling that is enhanced by the spacious, stylish, and contemporary surroundings to give a Ã¢â¬Å"unique and interactive sensory experience,Ã¢â¬ which is proof that Ajmal is aware of the new demands of the new generation clientele. It is even more encouraging that the new stores w ere not designed from scratch, but instead were made over, which implies that the idea is to reform and repackage the new product to suit the targeted consumers. This move is advantageous as it shall mean a reduction in the overall costs as more revenue would have been required if the House of Ajmal were launching an entirely new product. Additionally, it cuts out the risk of hiking the prices of the new products in case the consumer reaction was not as anticipated, in order to cover the advertisement, promotional, and marketing costs related to the new product. As it is, consumers are getting a refurbished version of what they are accustomed to and probably at lower costs and better packaging, which probably explains why they are giving out millions of dollars to secure the same. The final factor is the opportunity of growth that the House of Ajmal can seize. Presently, most of its clientele is the affluent Middle Eastern population as aforementioned. However, it reserves the optio n of going intercontinental and launching its products into the European, Asian, American, and even African markets. It has the raw materials necessary for such a move as it runs a factory in the UAE, which is the hub of raw materials for perfume ingredients and nosers. All that is lacking at present is establishing its presence in these new segments. In the quest to facilitate such an expansion, there are the revolutionized technological advances that have seen to the increased efficiency of distribution throughout the world within a maximum 48 hours, not to mention the Internet as a means of advertising in social media networks such as Facebook and Twitter. Conclusion This section has looked into the key success factors behind the perfumery that is the House of Ajmal. It has noted the fact that the Middle Eastern population prefers scents rounded about ouds, ambers, and musks and that being in the hub of the UAE, the House of Ajmal can easily access these raw materials for product ion. Secondly, the fact that the House has been in existence for over 60 years grants it credibility and preference in the eyes of most consumers, thus ensuring brand loyalty and securing specific consumers. Third, the fact that the House of Ajmal is a diversified enterprise as it deals with several products including lotions and air fresheners gives it a competitive hedge in the market. This aspect guarantees the perfumery a secure place in the market as it has a variety of products and places it almost evenly with other perfumes that are branded either on celebrity status such as Justin BieberÃ¢â¬â¢s Someday or on famous distribution lines such as Yves Laurent or Burberry Clothing Line. The fourth key success factor is the fact that the House of Ajmal is currently reforming or refurbishing its products to stay relevant as opposed to coming up with an entirely new product as this aspect cuts out many risks related to product development. Finally, AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s restricted presenc e to the Middle East presents it with the option of expansion as a means of increasing profitability and sales and the various markets that it could easily launch into would be the European, Asian, American, and African markets especially with the revolution in technology and the Internet capabilities. PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Five Forces Introduction In any market, there are constant paradigm shifts as new players enter or old players leave the market. The factors that determine how the paradigm shifts are constant and they can be easily surveyed in light of the House of Ajmal, which is the case study in this strategic management paper. An analysis of these five factors concerning the house of Ajmal shall indicate its credibility as a competitor in the versatile perfumery market in the UAE. Threat of New Entrants In any market, monopoly is never a preference to competitive trading and so there is always an advantage if the market presents opportunities for new companies to join other player s. However, apparently, too many companies in the market reduce the profit margin and makes the company less viable and so it is in the case of Ajmal. The perfume industry, especially in the Middle East, is a luxurious business to engage in; however, there is the issue of qualifications, which requires training and at least six years of apprenticeship. This element is already a barrier to new entrants as the House of Ajmal is 60 years old and before new entrants can make their presence felt, close to another decade shall have passed by in the process. However, this qualification does not bar wealthy business people from acquiring failing businesses, integrating them, and forming a formidable rival for Ajmal, and so this factor has moderate significance regarding AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s standing in the market. Moreover, the competition that jeopardizes AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s standing, viz. Arabian Oud, has been in existence for close to thirty years already and if brand loyalty is the only variable t hat is being looked upon to even the odds, Ajmal has no cause for worry. Threat of Substitutes In the perfume industry, substitutes may or may not be rampant. The reason for this on-the-fence conclusion is that several reasons trigger consumer preference in scent. Good advertising may induce brand loyalty especially if emphasis is laid on the quality of the brand in terms of consumer and environment protection. However, brand loyalty may also be induced by the specificity of consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ tastes. Nevertheless, the latter reason is a less persuasive argument as many times, consumers prefer the perfume based on the name rather than the scent and they would never choose it in a blind testing procedure where the perfumes are not branded. Consequently, it is safe to posit that there are multiple substitutes in the perfume industry and especially in the Middle East. Consequently, this element is a strong factor in determining AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s competitiveness and it should be regarded wi th special concentration when coming up with a strategic plan. Bargaining power of Buyers In most markets, the power of the buyer can never be underestimated, and especially in the perfume industry where as noted above there are a myriad of substitutes, it is important to keep buyers happy. Zeroing in on Ajmal reveals a tendency to charge exorbitantly for its goods mostly due to the quality as well as the targeted consumers. It may not seem necessary to cut these costs presently as that class of consumers actually grades goods based on price at times. However, it is also apparent that a new generation of consumers, which is trendy, is coming up and it would prefer affordable prices. As it is, Ajmal only has two viable options and the first is to introduce products that are amenable to this group, which means the products should entail trendy, chic, and affordable perfume splashes and body lotions or soaps among others or to shun this new generation at its own peril. It is encouragin g that Ajmal seems to be working towards satisfying the demands of this new generation of consumers by simply refurbishing its products. In a way, this move achieves two goals as it keeps the older generation ensnared and captures the attention of the new clientele. Consequently, the bargaining power of buyers is definitely a strong factor in determining competitiveness. Bargaining Power of Suppliers This element is another indefinite factor because for instance, the natural oud that is used in the manufacturing of perfumes is said to have run out completely and so most of what is used today is synthetic. Consequently, the scale shifts based on the preference of the manufacturer, viz. between synthetic and natural. Most vintage bestsellers, as Ajmal, prefer to use natural raw materials to produce their perfumes. Consequently, the suppliers of such raw materials have a great bargaining power. In the case of Ajmal, the bargaining power of suppliers is definitely a strong factor in det ermining her competitiveness. However, in view of the refurbishment of its products to meet the demands of a new generation, it is safe to say that in pursuance of a cheaper or rather more affordable product, Ajmal may decide to use synthetic raw materials. Such a move would reduce the suppliersÃ¢â¬â¢ bargaining power. However, it may not be necessary for Ajmal to stoop that low as the perfume itself only takes 3 per cent of production and the rest of the cost is due to packaging, marketing, and distribution. Consequently, if Ajmal were to cut on these three costs, it may not need to resort to synthetic raw material and the bargaining power of suppliers of raw materials remains a strong factor whereas that of the suppliers of the packaging and the other factors shall be reduced considerably. Competitive Rivalry In the arena that is the United Arab Emirates, there are few, but very potent competitors in the perfume industry. Presently, Ajmal is doing a good job by holding up its ed ge in light of all the new entrants and if it manages to overcome local competition completely, it shall be well on its way towards succeeding internationally. This aspect is a real possibility especially given that all the competitors seem to be focused on the affluent population in the society, which leaves room for groundbreaking development among the poor to middle class population. Conclusion This segment has dealt with PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s five forces in analyzing the viability of the House of Ajmal as a competitor in the United Arab Emirates. The issue of new entrants is of moderate importance to AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s position in the market for whereas new entrants cannot displace her overnight, acquisitions and mergers are unpredictable, hence they may dominate the market. The threat of substitutes is not a significant factor for Ajmal mostly because it has brand loyalty. The bargaining power of buyers is definitely a strong factor as the new generation consumers have triggered the refu rbishment of AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s stores and products in a bid to remain relevant. The bargaining power of suppliers is two fold, viz. it divides the suppliers of the ingredients of the perfumes and those of the packaging. The new generation demands can cause either suppliers bargaining power to have greater relevance, but this element is a significant factor. Finally, competitive rivalry is a significant factor and AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s standing seems to be sure. SWOT Analysis Strengths Ajmal is a market leader as it has been in existence for sixty years and so has brand loyalty Has not ventured into other continents and so it is more manageable Has other products besides perfumes so relevance wider outreach Has its own factory and so production costs are reduced Has its own outlets and so the middleman that is department stores is cut out Is flexible to accommodate demands of new generation Comfortably stayed afloat for sixty years with its clientele purely affluent Opportunities Could easily increase its fragrances by hiring better and more nosers Could integrate technology and internet into its business plan to increase its outreach Could easily expand into the international market Could easily target the new generation of consumers and increase its market hold Weaknesses Has only 100 fragrances while competitors have 400 Its product is customized for the purely affluent consumer Its scope of business is presently only limited to the middle east Threats Rigid stance on the use of natural raw materials as ingredients when e.g. oud no longer exists naturally Arabian Oud as a competitor that is targeting her strongholds in the UAE New legislation by the European Union and other standard boards on quality control Recommendations Generic strategy Market Expansion Ajmal has a solid impression on the consumers in the Middle East. However, it is apparent that the only reason why the competition seems to be catching up is that competition has spread its outr each to other continents and regions and so it is harnessing a greater aggregate market. Consequently, if Ajmal were to follow suit and create new branches in countries such as the United Kingdom, China, Spain, and France, its sales and profitability rations would rocket. This assertion holds because the House has the advantage of a long period in business Ã¢â¬â 60 years and natural quality products to back it up. Additionally, it should be cheaper to produce for these new markets, as European consumers prefer lighter perfumes that require less natural raw materials. Grand strategy This scheme is also called a master strategy and it provides the general direction for a business action. Specifically, I recommend market development as the grand strategy to be applied. This strategy is both affordable and less risky and it entails marketing the same product, which in AjmalÃ¢â¬â¢s case entails the perfumes, the air fresheners, the lotions, soaps, and body oils and other fragrances, but under a different cosmetic package. In other words, it is simply refurbishing the packaging or by changing the channels of distribution or the contents of advertisements or promotions. Ajmal could adopt this strategy by opening new branches in other cities and countries outside the Middle East. On the advertisement perspective, an example of a solution would be to issue free pamphlets to lure young customers with the impressive depictions of the products therein, in a way akin to what mobile phone suppliers catch the young generationÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. Additional advertisement could also be done by creating a fan page on Facebook or a username on Twitter and have millions of followers to comment on the products. Product Development The element of product development could also be implemented as a strategy. In this case, the House of Ajmal could either modify a current product or perfume or create an entirely new product and use established channels to distribute it. As establi shed in the earlier analysis, it would be wiser to simply refurbish existent products as this aspect would reduce the risk of poor turnover ratios incase consumers are not impressed by the new product. Strategy justification The market expansion, market development, and product development strategies proposed for Ajmal are the most viable options in terms of affordability and risk management. Conclusion Ajmal is a market leader in the Middle East perfume industry. However, currently, it faces serious regional and global competition from companies such as Arabian Oud and Coty, respectively. In a bid to avoid being overtaken, the House of Ajmal should utilize several generic and grand strategies namely the market expansion, market development, and product development strategies. These strategies are advantageous due to their affordability and low-risk quality and it would be wise to avoid starting a new product entirely when the brand loyalty has kept consumers attached for close to 6 0 years. Whereas it is true that the company should evolve to be in a position to cater for the younger generation that now makes up to 65 per cent of its consumers. Therefore, it is important to strategize and evaluate how to go about meeting the needs of the young generation. The performance indicators of success shall be visible in the feedback from the surveys that the company shall carry out to measure consumer satisfaction as well as in an increase in the growth and sales rates. Moreover, by creating new branches in new cities and countries, especially outside the Middle East, shall add value to the brand prestige. Soon enough, the company shall enter the league of other global producers of perfume and be in a position to compete at that level. This case study on Strategic Management in the House of Ajmal was written and submitted by user Alissa P. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
1-Month ACT Study Plan How to Raise Your Score Quickly SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Only got amonth until the ACT? No worries! In this guide, we offer you our best tips and advice on how to study for the ACT in a month.First, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll discuss the feasibility of a one-month ACT prep planand the four critical steps you must take toget started. Then,weÃ¢â¬â¢ll provide you with our besthigh-impact tips to help you get the ACT score you need for college. NOTE: This article largely assumes youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be studying for the ACT on your own. For additional help, contactour expert ACT tutorsor get started withour customizable online ACT prep course! Can You Study for the ACT in a Month? In short, yes, you can study for the ACT in a month- but how you manage your time will play a big role in how high of a score you ultimately get.Additionally, the feasibility of your planwill depend on how big of a point improvement you want to make, based on your baseline and goal scores (I'll explain both of these in more detail shortly). Generally speaking, how long should you study for the ACT? Below are our estimates for totalpoint improvements on the ACT based on the number of study hours you put in: 0-1 point improvement: 10 hours 1-2 point improvement: 20 hours 2-4 point improvement: 40 hours 4-6 point improvement: 80 hours 6-9 point improvement: 150 hours+ As these numbers indicate, the bigger the point improvement you want to make on the ACT, the more hours youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to dedicate to your studies- and thus the more difficult itÃ¢â¬â¢ll be to carry out your ACT study plan within a month. For the most part, though, you should be able to study for the ACT in a month, as long as your score goals are workable. In other words, you shouldn't bespending more than five hours a day cramming for the ACT! So what does all of this mean for you? Basically, you must be prepared to create and follow a reasonable study planif you truly wish tohit your ACT goal score on test day. How to Study for the ACT in a Month: The First 4 Steps Before we give youour expert tips for a successfulmonth-long ACT study plan, let's look atthe four essential steps you'll need to take to get your plan started. Step 1: Find Your Target Score Begin by downloading our free guide to setting an ACT target score. Your ACT target score, or goal score, is the score most likely to get you into at least one of the colleges youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying to (excluding anysafety schools). To find your goal score, look up the 25th and 75th percentile scores for allyour schools (or just your most selective school). You can either look at your schoolsÃ¢â¬â¢ official websites or search foryour schools' ACT scores in our database by Googling Ã¢â¬Å"[School Name] ACT PrepScholar.Ã¢â¬ Our pages offer updated ACT (and SAT) score info for tons of schools. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s an example of UNCÃ¢â¬â¢s ACT scores and GPA page. Next, take the average of the 75th percentiles for your schools.This average will be your target score and should give you the best shot at getting accepted into at least one of the schools on your list. You can alsoaim for your most selective schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s 75th percentile instead.Compared with the average for your schools, this score will be somewhat harder to get; however, reaching it ensures that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have an excellent shot at getting into allyour schools (instead of just one or a few). Step 2: Get Your Baseline Score Your second step is to figure out your baseline ACT score. A baseline score is the score you start with before beginning any ACT prep,and itÃ¢â¬â¢s what youÃ¢â¬â¢ll use to calculate how many points youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to improve by in order to hit your goal score from step 1. To find this score, take anofficial ACT practice test. Treat the test as you would the real exam: find a quiet place to take it, time yourself in accordance with the official time limits, and forego extra or longer breaks than those allowed on the actual ACT. Your overarching goal is to recreate the ACT testing environment as closely as possibleso you can get an accurate baseline score. Once you finish the practice test, use your testÃ¢â¬â¢s answer guide to calculate your scale ACT scores for each section and theACT as a whole.Your total score (out of 36) will be your baseline ACT score. Step 3: Choose a Study Plan Once youhave your baseline and target scores, take the difference of these two scores to get the total number ofpoints you'll need to hit your goal score. For example, if my target score is 32 and I scored 27 on mypractice test, I'd need to improve my baseline score by a total of 5 points. After, match the difference you get to its corresponding number of study hours: 0-1 point improvement: 10 hours 1-2 point improvement: 20 hours 2-4 point improvement: 40 hours 4-6 point improvement: 80 hours 6-9 point improvement: 150 hours+ You now know the approximate number of hours you'll need to study for the ACT over the course of a month. But how should you spread out these hours each week? Each day? Below, we offer you different study plan optionsbased on the amount ofstudy time you'll need to commit to. But first, a brief reminder: always choose a study plan thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll work well for you.DonÃ¢â¬â¢t opt for a plan thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll require you to study excessively on weekdays if you know this type of plan will wear you out easily. Consider your commitments, and be realistic about when and how often youÃ¢â¬â¢ll actually be able to study. And now, here are our study plans! Light: You Want to Improve Your Score by 0-1 Points This easily manageable plan requires a total of 10 hours in a month, which comes out to about two and a half hours a week. Your best options for this plan are as follows: 2 hours and 30 minutes, once a week 1 hour and 15 minutes, twice a week 30 minutes, five times a week Medium: You Want to Improve Your Score by 1-2 Points This plan is slightly heavier than the Light Plan and requires 20 hours of prep over the course of a month, equalingfive hours a week on average. I recommend trying out the following plans: 2 hours and 30 minutes, twice a week 1 hours and 15 minutes, four times a week 1 hour, five times a week Heavy: You Want to Improve Your Score by 2-4 Points Moving on to the heavier plans now! For this plan, you'll need to study for a total of 40 hoursover the course of a month. Thiscomes out to approximately 10 hours a week, which you can divide as so: 3 hours and 20 minutes, three times a week 2 hours and 30 minutes, four times a week 2 hours, five times a week Heavier: You Want to Improve Your Score by 4-6 Points Not many students will be able to keep up withthis plan, but if youÃ¢â¬â¢re set on increasing your baseline score by 4-6 total points, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to prep for at least80 hours,or about 20 hours a week. Here are your options for prep schedules: 5 hours, four times a week 4 hours, five times a week 3 hours and 20 minutes, six times a week Impossible? You Want to Improve Your Score by 6-9 Points This plan requires 150+ study hours over the course of a month. That's a staggering 40 hours a week! Therefore, I strongly recommend againstundertaking this study plan. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re committed to improving your ACT score by as many points as possible, tryopting for the Heavier Plan and thenretake the test at a later date should you still want to improve your score. Step 4: Gather High-Quality Study Materials and Resources Finally, itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to gatheryour top choices forACT study materials and resources. Whether you already have a prep book picked out or are completely at a loss as to whatyou'll need for your study plan, let us help guide you with acompilation of our best ACT resources: Ultimate ACT Study Guides: Ourfree guides for the ACT English, Math, Reading, Science, andWritingsections,as well asthe test as a whole, offer a surefire combination ofcontent review and strategy. Complete Official ACT Practice Tests, Free Links:Here, we've collected all the official ACT practice tests available online. These tests are based on real ACTs and offer the most realistic practice questions you can get. Plus, they're completely free to download! Best ACT Prep Books 2018: I strongly recommend purchasing a highly reviewed ACT prep book to use as your primary guide throughout your studies. Our article offers in-depth reviews of the best ACT prep books currently available. Furthermore, all the books on ourlist have been personally reviewed by a perfect ACT scorer,so you can rest assured they'reworth theinvestment! The Best ACT Prep Websites You Should be Using: This handy compilation lists various websites you can use for all sorts of ACT help, including practice questions and strategy guides. The 4 Best ACT Apps (and How to Use Them in Your Prep): If youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for on-the-go, supplementary learning materials, these four ACT apps are certain to lend a boost to your test prep! As a final tip, Isuggest browsingour SAT/ACT blog to learn more about the ACT in general, including how it works, what it tests, and what steps you can take to get the scores you need for college. Once you'vegot your study materials picked out, read onto learn about our top tips on how to study for the ACT in a month! Tjarko Busink/Flickr How to Study for the ACT in a Month: 5 Essential Tips At last, it's time for you to get your study plan off the ground! Here are five tips for making the most of your month-long ACT prep schedule. #1: Learn the ACT Format Inside and Out Before you take the ACT, it's important you know everything there is to know about the structure and content of the exam. This way there will be no surprises for you on test day! For a general overview of the ACT, read our articles on what the ACT tests and how itÃ¢â¬â¢s scored. For section-specific info, check outour individual guides: WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Actually Tested on the ACT English Section? WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Actually Tested on the ACT Math Section? Concepts, Subjects, and Skills WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Actually Tested on the ACT Reading Section? Skills You Need WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Actually Tested on the ACT Science Section? Skills and Topics The New Enhanced ACT Writing Test (2016): Complete Guide #2: Track Your Progress With Official Practice Tests While you study, it's imperative to track your progress using official ACT practice tests. Once again, these tests are the closest you can get to the real exam and will let you see whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re on track to hitting your target score. Because you'll only have a month to study for the ACT, try to taketwo to three tests in total.It's best to take oneat the beginning of your study plan (to get your baseline score) and a second one closer to the middle of your study plan, or aroundthe two-week mark. Just make sure you're spacing out your practice tests.Don't takemore than threein a month, and definitely don't take one right before test day- you'll justburn yourself out! #3: Review Basic English, Math, and Science Topics To do well on the ACT, you must familiarize yourself with all of the basic English, math, and science topics most likely to appear on the test. Here, we cover the specific concepts you'll need to have down before test day. For English First, check out our guides to the 14 most important ACT grammar rulesand basicparts of speech. Then, move on toour guides on the following critical concepts: Rhetorical skills (40-55%) Transitions Redundancy and wordiness Word choice/diction Add/delete questions Author technique/intent Organization Main idea Relevance Sentence structure (20-25%) Run-on sentences and fragments Parallel structure Faulty modifiers Punctuation(10-15%) Commas Other punctuation Grammar and usage (10-15%) Subject-verb agreement Verb tenses and forms Pronoun agreement Idioms Relative pronouns For Math WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve got tons of topic-specific guides for ACT Math, which you can access through our ultimate ACT Math prep guide. Before you delve into higher-level math concepts, though, make sure you read all aboutintegers (weÃ¢â¬â¢ve also got an advanced guide to integers). Below is the breakdown of the math topics you'll need to know. I suggest beginningwith the most important sections (pre-algebra and plane geometry) before proceeding to the others. Pre-algebra (20-25%) Fractions, ratios, and proportions Statistics (mean, median, mode, etc.) Probability Sequences Plane geometry (20-25%) Lines and angles Circles Triangles Polygons Elementary algebra (15-20%) Single-variable equations Intermediate algebra (15-20%) Systems of equations Functions Word problems Coordinate geometry (15-20%) Lines and slopes Reflections, rotations, and translations Trigonometry (5-10%) For Science Luckily, youÃ¢â¬â¢re not expected to have a ton of background knowledge in biology or chemistry for this section!That said, there will be a handful of scientific concepts youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to be familiar with in order to do well on the test. Read our guide for more info about what these fundamental topicsare and how you should study them. #4: Learn the Most Helpful Math Strategies ACT Math may or may not be your cup of tea, but with these handy strategies, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be getting the Math score you want in no time! First off, always try to re-solve any ACT Math questions you answer incorrectly.This strategy is important because it lets youthink deeply about where you mightÃ¢â¬â¢ve made a mistake with your calculations and what different steps you can take to try to get the right answer. As you re-solve the question, use thecorrect answer to guide you- but donÃ¢â¬â¢t look at the answer explanation before attemptingtofigure it out on your own! On test day, your two best math strategies are plugging in answers and plugging in numbers. With these strategies, even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re unsure how to solve a problem, you can still attempt to work it out, ultimately increasing your chances of choosing the right answer. Both of these strategies work particularly well for algebraic problems that ask you to manipulate or solve variables. #5: Pick a Strategy for Reading Passages ItÃ¢â¬â¢s passages galore on the ACT English, Reading, and Science sections! But before we dive into possible reading strategies, let's look at thedifferent skillseach section tests: English tests your understanding of grammar, style, and flow. Reading tests your overall reading comprehension and vocab knowledge. Science tests your ability to correctly interpret data and understand scientific concepts and hypotheses. Because these three sections test such unique content, itÃ¢â¬â¢ll be best for you to develop separate passage-reading strategies for each section. Here are the best strategies to try out: For English There's only one highly recommended passage-reading method for English, and that's thegraf-by-graf method.With this strategy, you'llread passagesparagraph by paragraph,andanswer questions for one paragraph at a time. This method is ideal for ACT English since it lets you digest the content of the passage while also taking note of anyglaring technical errors. For Reading There are three possible passage-reading strategiesfor the Reading section of the ACT: Read the questions and then skim the passage (highly recommended) Skim the passage and then read the questions Read the passage closely (not recommended) ForScience In this section, yourpassage-reading options are as follows: Skip straight to the questions, answering as many as you can using only the visuals (i.e., graphs, tables, etc.) Skim the passage and then read the questions Read the whole passage first (not recommended) To figure out which reading strategies work best for you, take an official ACT practice test and time yourself on the English, Reading, and Science sections using official time limits. (You donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to take these sections back to back- separately is fine!) If possible, take multiple tests so that you can try out a different passage-reading strategy each time. Once you finish, check your answers and score your test. Thepassage-reading method that gives you the highest score on a section should be the one you practice with and use on test day! Rosmarie Voegtli/Flickr 6 Additional ACT Prep Tips for High Achievers If you want to increase your ACT baseline score by a fairly large margin- anywhere in the 4-9 point range- youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to spend as much time as you can mastering allmajor ACT concepts. Our six additional tips below teach you both how to study for the ACT in a month andhow to get a super high ACT score. #6: Closely Analyze Real Questions To truly do well on the ACT, you need to know not onlythe basics of how itÃ¢â¬â¢s structured but also what kinds of questions it'll give you on test day and theapproaches you can use tosuccessfully tackle these problems head-on. Official ACT practice tests are your best bets for realistic questions.What you'll want to do is tear apart these questions to ensure that you can identify the ACT question types and readily understand what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re asking you to do. For example, can you distinguish the Reading section'sinference questions fromfunction and development questions? Can you tell apart the different types of math on ACT Math? Do you understand how to read graphs and tablesso that you're capable of answering questions about scientific data? In the end, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll save yourself both time and brainpower if you know ahead of time what kinds of questions youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be asked and when theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll appear on the test. #7: Study ALL Critical Math and English Topics In addition to studying the basics of ACT Math and English, high achievers shouldspend extra time mastering some of the less common (but still important) concepts likely to come up on the test. For Math, this means focusing on mastering trigonometry, the least prominent math topic on the ACT (albeitone that's certain to appear!). Trig accounts for 5-10% of your Math score,orfour to six questions. Although six questions doesn't sound like much, it might very well be the difference between getting a 36 and getting a 32 on Math! You should also spend time memorizing allcritical math formulas. Because the ACT doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t give you any formulas on test day like the SAT does, you mustspend time memorizing the ones that are most likely to appear on the exam. As for English, take a look atour complete ACT grammar guide to learn every single ACT grammar rule. You might also want to read up on the less-commonly tested topics of adjectives vs adverbs and formality. #8: Become an Expert at Critical Reading Though ACT Reading questions can be confusing and difficult, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a pretty easy trick you should definitely try tomaster. Here it is:there is always one definitively correct answer- meaning all other answer choices mustcontain a clear indication that they are incorrect. You can hone this crucial skill by studyingwithhigh-quality ACT Reading questions. As you practice, pay close attention to answer choices that donÃ¢â¬â¢t perfectly answer the question youÃ¢â¬â¢re being asked. A wrong answer choice is usually one that has one or more of the following qualities: Irrelevant The opposite of whatÃ¢â¬â¢s written An inaccurateconflation of information from the passage Plausible but ultimately not supported directly by the passage On Reading, all correct answers will be supported by clearevidence in the passage. So if you come across an answer choice that sounds sort of right but isnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually written down or directly supported by the passage, chances are it's wrong! #9: Improve Your Vocab Fortunately, vocab doesn't make up a particularly large part of the ACT English or Reading sections. But if youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for a high score on test day, I recommend dedicating a little prep time to improving your vocab. Most vocab words on the ACT are of medium difficulty. This meansyou'll predominantly need to studyidioms and lesser-known secondary meanings of common words. To learn ACT vocab words, check outour list of 150 ACT words you should knowandScholasticÃ¢â¬â¢s 100-word ACT/SAT vocab list. Want to cover all your bases? You can learn even more wordswithour extensive SAT vocab list of 250+ words. (The vocab on the SAT is extremely similar to that on the ACT.) #10: Strengthen Your Weak Spots During your studies, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely notice some concepts or areas you struggle with more than you do with others. The best way to strengthen your weak spots is to concentrate more oncontent review andpractice questions. I suggest working with a combination of high-quality prep books, strategy guides, and official ACT questions. As you work on improving your ACT skills, keep track of any question types youÃ¢â¬â¢re continually missing.Try to identify why you're missing these questions, and start to think about how you can ultimatelytransform yourmistakes into successes. #: Pace Yourself Our last tipis to learn how to pace yourself. Knowing how to answer ACT questions wonÃ¢â¬â¢t help you in the end if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got 10 blank questions left because you ran out of time! So always be on your guard and pay attention to how long it takes you to answer specific question types. Here are the average amounts of timeyou should spend per question on each ACT section: English: 36 seconds per question Math: 60 seconds per question Reading: 53 seconds per question Science: 53 seconds per question For more detailed advice on how to pace yourself, check out ourindividual time-management guides for Math, Reading, and Science. Key Takeaways: How to Study for the ACT in a Month Although one month of ACT prep isn'tenough for everyone, it can sufficeif your goal is toimprove your score by no more than 4-6 total points.Students who want to improve their scores by 6-9 points will be better offaiming for a smaller score improvement and then retaking the ACT at a later date. When embarking onyour month-long ACT study plan, you must first set a targetscore, find your baseline score, decide ona study plan, and gather high-quality prep materials. Once youÃ¢â¬â¢re ready to begin studying, you can use our high-impact tips above to help you get the most out of your ACT prep. So what's my final tip? Always have the confidence that you can do this. Studying for the ACT in a month is difficult, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s certainly not impossible. As long as you know exactly what you'll need to do in order to make your goals a reality, you willbe successful! WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Need more advice on gearing up for theACT? Then read our in-depth and easy-to-follow guides onhow to prepare for the ACTand when you should start studying. Not a lot of time left before test day? Ourlast-minute ACT strategieswill teach you everything you need to know about strategic guessing, time management, and what you'll need to bring on test day. Only got a month left before your SAT test?Read my other guide on how to study for the SAT in a month to get step-by-step tips and advice. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep classes. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our classes are entirely online, and they're taught by ACT experts. If you liked this article, you'll love our classes. Along with expert-led classes, you'll get personalized homework with thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step, custom program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Try it risk-free today:
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Understanding Irregular -ER French Verbs There are a lot of French verbs that end in -ER and there are a lot of irregular French verbs, but there is only one irregular -ER verb. However, there are three groups of -ER verbs that have some irregularities. One True Irregular -ER Verb Aller (to go) is the only truly irregular -er verb in French - its conjugations are unique and, according to some, very odd. Spelling Change Verbs Spelling change verbsÃ are verbs that end in -cer or -ger. Their stem formation and verb endings are the same as for regular -er verbs, but there is a slight spelling change for pronunciation purposes in certain conjugations. Stem-Changing Verbs Stem-changing verbsÃ are -er verbs that take the regular endings but have two different radicals. There are five categories of French stem-changing verbs: -yer, -eler, -eter, -e_er, and -Ã ©_er. -IER Verbs There is nothing actually irregular about the conjugation of -ier verbs - they are conjugated like regular -er verbs, but some of their forms look strange.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Law Problem Questions - Essay Example Ã¢â¬Å"Can you bring a bag for ?20 and meet me?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Any chance of my usual, Friday 8 pm?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Are you Ã¢â¬Ëbig MaxÃ¢â¬â¢? Any chance bag ?50 Thursday?Ã¢â¬ The prosecution want to adduce these messages and others which are similar, as evidence against Max. They also want to introduce evidence about his contacts. Explain whether or not they will be able to do this, paying close attention to the Criminal Justice Act 2003. (300 words) According to the Criminal Justice Act of 2003, it is common knowledge that what is possible to charge someone with a crime for which there is insufficient hard evidence, but ample circumstancial evidence. For example, there are many things that can be taken into account under the new Act passed by the Parliament, including the notion of character. Based upon the reputation that daily builds oneÃ¢â¬â¢s character, law enforcement officials can piece together a story for the judge that details what this personÃ¢â¬â¢s life is lik e, what his usual routines are, and other details that might be substantially important in deciding oneÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt or innocence. ... fore, the new Criminal Justice Act of 2003 increases MaxÃ¢â¬â¢s chance of being snagged by the new ActÃ¢â¬âwhich allows autrefois acquit, also famously known as Ã¢â¬Å"double jeopardy.Ã¢â¬ Double jeopardy is allowed by the new Act, especially if there is compelling evidence to believe that for some reason a crime has been committed. However, of course what constitutes compelling would probably have to be an overwhelming amount of evidence in order to determine oneÃ¢â¬â¢s relative guilt or innocence. In this case, Max does not have much choice except to allow the legal process to take its natural legal course. (1) EU Law Problem Question (The following events, names and legislation, both European and domestic are all fictitious.) Council Directive 2009/ABC on Air Travel Protection requires Member States to introduce a measure by 1 November 2010: 1) giving passengers the right to a full refund on airline tickets purchased within the European Union where a journey is cancelle d irrespective of the cause of the cancellation; 2) giving passengers an automatic right to claim expenses for overnight accommodation from the airline, where a journey in the European Union is delayed by more than four hours irrespective of the cause of the delay; and ?3) giving passengers the right to a block payment of ?200, payable immediately, for all checked-in luggage lost on flights within the European Union. On 20 November 2010, Sadie purchased a ticket from UK Air Ltd which is financed partly by private shareholders and partly by Government grant. Four members of the Board of Directors of UK Air Ltd are appointed by the Minister for Transport. Unfortunately, SadieÃ¢â¬â¢s flight from London to the Bahamas was cancelled due to adverse weather. Sadie immediately exercised her right to claim
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Financial and Managerial Accounting - Personal Statement Example I have been working with an audit firm for the last three years and through this experience I did gain good amount of knowledge in the fields of financial accounting, auditing and taxation. But lately I have realized the importance of management and decision making in comparison to analyzing the outcomes of decision already made. Moreover, my educational qualification and work experience has given me a strong foundation in public accounting, but now I find the necessity to broaden my horizon so that when required, I would be able to view a situation from various angles rather than having just an auditor's view. Also, in order to improve my career, I would have to be in a position wherein I would have the responsibility as well as the capability to make crucial decisions. As I went through the IMA website, I realized that the curriculum in the CMA program could prepare me well for this challenge. I have always been a person who likes to work on one's own terms. Though I am part of a finance team of a medium scale company right now, I intend to establish my own business in the near future. As of now, I am working on improving my skill and knowledge and looking for ways to increase the resources available in order to achieve my goals.
Friday, January 24, 2020
For over a century, marijuana has been illegal in the United States and in a lot of cases it remains prohibited because it has been prohibited for so long. Laws in California and Colorado are currently popular in the media because they are legalizing and taxing marijuana production and distribution. After adding sales and excise taxes to the sales price in these states, consumers are purchasing marijuana legally for a lower price than its black market price. Revenue gained from taxes in these states is being put towards such things as education and regulation of the substance. The responsible disbursing of marijuana tax is being exemplified in California and Colorado. Be that as it may, people continue to argue against legalizing and taxing marijuana for such reasons as its negative health effects, the ability of individuals to evade taxes on cannabis, and its legalization spreading to other states. Those opposed to changing marijuana laws stand firm in their beliefs that spending ta x dollars on incarcerating and policing marijuana users and distributors is beneficial to society. In turn, the current state of affairs remains unchanged, funneling billions of untaxed dollars in to the black market each year. If marijuana were legalized, the black market would see no other outcome than losing that capital to its competitor, state governments and hopefully the federal government as well. The theory that collecting taxes on marijuana, otherwise purchased untaxed through the black market, boosts state economies more than spending tax revenues on policing it as an illegal substance is a difficult theory to disprove. Although policing and incarcerating marijuana-related criminals certainly costs the government more than generating tax ... ...ues-u-s-government-to-stop-harborside-medical-marijuana-seizures/ Oldham, J. (2013, November 4). Marijuana Vote in Colorado Weighs 25% Tax. In Bloomberg | Personal Finance. Retrieved November 15, 2014, from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-11-05/marijuana-vote-in-colorado-weighs-25-tax-for-recreation.html Passie, T., Emrich, H. M., Karst, M., Brandt, S. D., and Halpern, J. H. (2012, June 26). Mitigation of post-traumatic stress symptoms by Cannabis resin: a review of the clinical and neurobiological evidence. In US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. Retrieved November 15, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22736575 Woo, S. (2009, April 30). Oakland Council Backs a Tax on Marijuana. In The Wall Street Journal | Politics and Policy. Retrieved November 15, 2014, from http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB124105239168771233
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Following the development of technology, the quality of life becomes better off. It is attractive enough to live in cities, because people can enjoy a lot of convenient facilities. However, some people believe that many people do not know their neighbours and the sense of community has been lost with the increasing number of people in cities. In this essay the effect of the modern urban lifestyle in cities will be discussed. Nowadays, many people tend to live in cities for different reasons. They move into cities mainly for work. Because they leave early in the morning and come back home late in the evening. They do not want to waste their time on a train or bus. If they live in cities, they do not need to wake up early to take a train or bus. Furthermore, living in cities means that they can easily find places or facilities to fill their every need in the urban life, which is valued in the individual lifestyle rather than the sense of community. On the other hand, many people seem to be more isolated than ever before. Because of focusing on the individual lifestyle in modern time, it is hard to have an opportunity to make a deep relationship with people living around. People do not usually know what happens to their neighbours. Humans are social creatures that cannot be independent of others. As a result, even if there are a lot of convenient places in cities, they cannot fulfil satisfaction of people. Most people in cities fall into the sense of isolation. They need to realise the negative effect of their lifestyle and make effort to join in communities in their lives, so that they can live in a simpler way of life.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (1547-1616) is by far the most famous Spanish author, and his international influence on literature rivals that of his British contemporary, William Shakespeare. Here are some of the most well-known sayings and quotes that are attributed to him; note that not all translations are word for word: Cervantes Quotes About Love and Friendship Amor y deseo son dos cosas diferentes; que no todo lo que se ama se desea, ni todo lo que se desea se ama. (Love and desire are two different things; not everything that is loved is desired, and not everything that is desired is loved.) Amistades que son ciertas nadie las puede turbar. (Nobody can disrupt true friendship.) Puede haber amor sin celos, pero no sin temores. (There can be love without jealousy, but not without fear.) Cervantes Quotes About Gratitude La ingratitud es la hija de la soberbia. (Ingratitude is the daughter of pride.) Entre los pecados mayores que los hombres cometen, aunque algunos dicen que es la soberbia, yo digo que es el desagradecimiento, ateniÃ ©ndome a lo que suele decirse: que de los desagradecidos estÃ ¡ lleno el infierno. (Of the worst sins that people commit, although some says its pride, I say it is ingratitude. As the saying goes, hell is filled with the ungrateful.) Cervantes Quotes About Living Wisely Una onza de buena fama vale mÃ ¡s que una libra de perlas. (An ounce of good reputation is worth more than a pound of pearls.) El ver mucho y el leer mucho avivan los ingenios de los hombres. (Seeing much and reading much sharpens ones ingenuity.) Lo que poco cuesta aÃ ºn se estima menos. (What costs little is valued even less.) El hacer bien a villanos es echar agua en la mar. (Doing good for low-lifes is throwing water in the sea.) No hay ningÃ ºn viaje malo, excepto el que conduce a la horca. (There is no bad trip except for the one that goes to the gallows.) No puede haber gracia donde no hay discreciÃ ³n. (There cannot be grace where there is no discretion.) La pluma es la lengua de la mente. (The pen is the tongue of the mind.) Quien no madruga con el sol no disfruta de la jornada. (Whoever doesnt rise with the sun wont enjoy the day.) Mientras se gana algo no se pierde nada. (As long as something is earned nothing is lost.) El que no sabe gozar de la ventura cuando le viene, no debe quejarse si se pasa. (He who doesnt know how to enjoy good fortune when it comes to him shouldnt complain when it passes him by.) Cervantes Quotes About Beauty Hay dos maneras de hermosura: una del alma y otra del cuerpo; la del alma campea y se muestra en el entendimiento, en la honestidad, en el buen proceder, en la liberalidad y en la buena crianza, y todas estas partes caben y pueden estar en un hombre feo; y cuando se pone la mira en esta hermosura, y no en la del cuerpo, suele nacer el amor con Ã mpetu y con ventajas. (There are two kinds of beauty: one of the soul and the other of the body; that of the soul shows and demonstrates itself in understanding, in honesty, in good behavior, in generosity and in good breeding, and all these things can find room and exist in an ugly man; and when one looks at this type of beauty, and not bodily beauty, love is inclined to spring up forcefully and overpoweringly.) Bien veo que no soy hermoso, pero tambiÃ ©n conozco que no soy disforme. (I see that Im not handsome, but I also know that Im not hideous.) Cervantes Quotes About Memory Ã ¡Oh, memoria, enemiga mortal de mi descanso! (Oh, memory, deadly enemy of my rest!) No hay recuerdo que el tiempo no borre ni pena que la muerte no acabe. (There is no memory that time doesnt erase nor any sorrow that death doesnt extinguish.) Cervantes Quotes About Foolishness MÃ ¡s vale una palabra a tiempo que cien a destiempo. (One word at the right time is more valuable that 100 words at the wrong time.) El mÃ ¡s tonto sabe mÃ ¡s en su casa que el sabio en la ajena. (The most foolish person knows more in his home than the wise person knows in someone elses.) Cervantes Quotes Everyone Has Heard Cuando una puerta se cierra, otra se abre. (When one door is closed, another is opened.) Dijo la sartÃ ©n a la caldera, quÃ tate allÃ ¡ ojinegra. (The frying pan said to the cauldron, Get out of here, black-eyed one. This is believed to be the source of the phrase the pot calling the kettle black.)